Latest Research

Moderate alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality

Research undertaken by the Mayo Clinic investigates the joint associations of amounts of alcohol consumed and drinking habits with the risks of all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality. You can find the report here. The study, which observed a total of 316,627...

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Adherence to a Mediterranean-style eating pattern and risk of diabetes in a U.S. prospective cohort study

This US study investigated whether adherence to a Mediterranean-style eating pattern has the same positive effects in a US population, independent of lifestyle.
An inverse relationship between the Mediterranean-style eating pattern and the risk of type 2 diabetes was found for 12,000 individuals followed for 22 years. When food factors were examined, main foods driving and associated with the reduced diabetes risk included vegetables, fruits and seafood, and a higher consumption of nuts and legumes (8% respectively,) as well as the moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages (17%).

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Association of Low to Moderate Alcohol Drinking With Cognitive Functions From Middle to Older Age Among US Adults

This US Health and Retirement Study investigated whether a relationship exists between the low to moderate consumption of alcohol and cognitive function or changes in cognitive function from middle age to older age among 20,000 adults followed for nine years. Similar to other Australian and international studies previously published, it found that moderate alcohol consumption may improve total cognitive function and delay mental decline in older individuals ̶ both women and men.

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Drinking beer, wine or spirits – does it matter for inequalities in alcohol-related hospital admission? A record-linked longitudinal study in Wales

This Welsh study investigated whether the type of alcohol, alcohol drinking pattern or other lifestyle factors explains observed greater adverse effects from alcohol consumption among individuals of lower socio-economic status (SES). The conclusions of this study suggest that even for what are referred to as “wholly attributable, alcohol-related hospital admissions,” other factors associated with low SES may be more important than alcohol consumption itself as determinants of such adverse health outcomes.

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Association of Healthy Lifestyle With Years Lived Without Major Chronic Diseases

This large European study examined whether different combinations of lifestyle factors are associated with years lived without chronic diseases. The results showed that the higher the number of healthy lifestyle habits, the longer was the lifespan without major chronic diseases (type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, dementia). The longest life span free of disease was observed among those participants with a normal weight and two of the following lifestyle factors: never smoking, physical activity and moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages.

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